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简易蒸汽机制作方法
2018-09-28 11:45

江南娱乐APP XUDUORENDOURENWEIZHANMUSHI、WATE(James Watt)FAMINGLEZHENGQIJI,DANZHEIBUSHISHISHI。ZHENGQIJIBUSHIWATEFAMINGDE,RANERWATEZAIGAILIANGZHENGQIJIDEGUOCHENGZHONG,QUECENGZUOCHUZUIZHONGYAODEGONGXIAN。

江南娱乐APP JINDAIBIJIAOXIANGYANGDEZHENGQIJI,KEYICONG17SHIJIWANQITANGMUSHI、SAIWEILI(Thomas Savery)SHEJIDEZHENGQIJITANQI。QICHUDEZHEIJUZHENGQIJI,LIYONGFENGBIRONGQIZHONGDESHUIZHENGQI,JIANGMEIKUANGZHONGDEJISHUIPAICHU,JIEZHELENGQUEGAIFENGBIRONGQI,ZAIRONGQIZHONGXINGCHENGDIYAZHUANGTAI,YIBIANZAIDUSHIKUANGKENGZHONGDEJISHUIJINRUGAIRONGQIZHONG,ZHONGFUZHEIYANGDEGUOCHENGJIUNENGFAHUICHOUSHUIDEGONGNENG。

江南娱乐APP 1712NIANTANGMUSHI、NIUKEMEN(Thomas Newcomen)GAIJINLESAIWEILIDESHEJI,LIYONGYALIJIAODADEZHENGQITUIDONGQIGANGZHONGDEHUOSAI,JIEZHELENGQUEQIGANG,XINGCHENGDIYADEZHUANGTAIERTUIHUIHUOSAI,ZHEIHUOSAIZAIJINGGUOLIANGANLADONGCHOUSHUIZHUANGZHI,KEYICHOUCHUGENGSHENDEKUANGJINGJISHUI。

江南娱乐APP NIUKEMENZHENGQIJIKEYISHUODESHANGSHIWATEZHENGQIJIDEQIANSHEN。1763NIANWATEZAIGELASIGUDAXUE(Glasgow University)XIULINIUKEMENZHENGQIJI,FAXIANLENIUKEMENZHENGQIJIYOUXUDUOQUEDIAN。WATESHOUXIANJIANGLENGQUEZHENGQIDEGUOCHENGGAIFANGZAILINGWAIDELENGNINGQIZHONGJINXING,DADATIGAOLESHIYONGRENENGDEXIAOLV,BINGZAIWANGHOUSANSHINIANJIANCHIXUGAILIANGZHENGQIJI,FAZHANCHUYOUQUBING、FEILUNDEWANGFUSHIZHENGQIJI。

WANGFUSHIZHENGQIJIGOUZAOJINGQIAO,YUNZHUANSHIGEBULINGJIANYIQILIANDONG,LIYUMEIDEJIEHEXIANGDANGYINRENRUSHENG。ZAIKETANGSHANGYANSHIYIJUZHUYAOHUODONGLINGJIAN (BAOKUOHUOSAI、QIFADENG)JUNKETOUSHIDETOUMINGZHENGQIJI,YIDINGKEYIDIAODONGXUESHENGXUEXIDEXINGQU。ZHEIJUZHENGQIJIDEQIGANGSHIBOLIZHIDE,HUOSAIZEYONGHOUZHIBANZHICHENG,FENLIUHEDEBUFENGOUZAOZEYITOUMINGYAKELIBAOFU,WUQIUNEIBUGOUZAOYIMULERAN,TUXIANHEXIELVDONGZHIMEI。WEILEANQUANHEWEIXIUFANGBIANQIJIAN,ZHEIJUZHENGQIJIBUYONGZHENGQITUIDONG,ERGAIYONGKONGQITUIDONG。ZAIZHEIJUTOUMINGZHENGQIJIDEZHENGQICHUKOUCHUJIESHANGXICHENQI,ZEDAQICONGJINKOUGUANRUZHENGQIJIZHONG,JIUXIANGSHUIZHENGQIGUANRUZHENGQIJIYIYANG,YENENGQUDONGZHEIJUYONGBUTONGCAILIAOPINCOUQILAIDEZHENGQIJIKUAISUYUNZHUAN。(RUGUOSHIYANSHIZHONGYOUCHUIQIJI,LIRU:QIDIANGUIYAOYONGDECHUIQIJI,ZAIZHEIJUTOUMINGZHENGQIJIDEZHENGQIJINKOUCHUZHIJIEJIESHANGCHUIQIJI,YENENGQUDONGZHEIJUZHENGQIJIYUNZHUAN。)

 

SUOXUDECAILIAORUXIA:

(1)NEIZHI6 cm,ZHANG12 cmDEBOLIGUANYIZHI。

(2)HOUYUE2 mmDEYAKELIBANYIPIAN。

(3)GUIJIAOGUAN(RUANDEGUANZIJIKE)。

江南娱乐APP (4)ZHOUCHENG(PEILIN)LIANGGE,NEIJING4 mm。

(5)MUBANERKUAI,MUTIAORUOGANZHI。

(6)ZHIJING4 mm、2 mmDEMUGANRUOGANZHI。

(7)HOUZHIYIPIAN。

ZHIZUOGUOCHENG:

江南娱乐APP JIA、QIGANGDEBUFEN:

将厚纸剪成直径恰略小于玻璃管内径的圆片,此圆片即作为活塞。可想而知,此圆片不可能完全密封玻璃管,但只要大致能与玻璃管内径一致,且可于玻璃管中轻易滑动即可。圆片中心钻一个直径4 mm的小孔。在另一小片木板上钻一直径4 mm的小孔,藉由此小片木板,将圆厚纸活塞与直径4mm木杆制成的连杆 结合在一起,而且使圆厚纸片垂直木质连杆。
再用两片木板制作此玻璃管汽缸的支架,其中之一钻一个直径4.5 mm的小孔,并在旁边钻一个直径13 mm的小孔;另一片则钻一个直径13 mm的小孔即可,先将纸活塞和木连杆放在玻璃汽缸中,让木连杆从木板支架上4mm直径的孔伸出,再用AB胶,将玻璃管与木材支架密接,于是把纸活塞密封在玻璃管汽缸中。将木板支架用AB胶黏在木板底座上,直径4 mm的连杆从木支架上的孔穿出后,要再立一个直立于底座的小支架,此小支架上端有一个直径约4.5 mm的孔,可容纳连杆的另一端。

YI、FENLIUHEDEBUFEN:

FENLIUHEDEGOUZAO,QIZHUYAODEGONGNENGSHI:LIYONGKOUXINGMUKUANGDEWANGFUYIDONG,GAIBIANKONGQIDETONGDAO,SHIKONGQIGAIBIANLIUDONGDELUJING,ERNENGWANGFUTUIDONGBOLIQIGANGZHONGDEZHIHUOSAI。YIGONGDONGYONGWUPIANMUBANZHIZUOFENLIUFAHEZI。XIAFANGYIPIAN,LIANGCEMUBANZHIYIDESHANGBANBUZUANYIGEZHIJING13 mmDEKONG,LINGYICEMUBANDEXIABANBUZEZUANSANGEZHIJING13 mmDEKONG(CISANKONGZHONGZHIZUOYOUFENBIEJINGGUIJIAOGUANLIANTONGBOLIQIGANGZHIJIASHANGZHIJING13 mmDEXIAOKONG)。ZAIYONGLIANGMUBANZUONIANZAIQIANHOU,QIZHONGYIPIANMUBANSHANGZUANYIGEZHIJING4.5 mmDEXIAOKONG。

江南娱乐APP LIUHEDEGOUZAO。LIANGCEMUBANZHIYIDESHANGBANBUZUANYIGEZHIJING13 mmDEKONG,LINGYICEMUBANDEXIABANBUZEZUANSANGEZHIJING13 mmDEKONG。QIANHOUMUBANZHIYIZUANYIGEZHIJING4.5 mmDEXIAOKONG。CIHEZHONGYAOQIAHAORONGNAYIGEKOUZIXINGDEMUKUANGZAIQIZHONGHUADONG。KOUZIXINGDEMUKUANGZAIZUOFANGSHI,QILIUCONGYOUCEKONG,JINGYOUCEGUIJIAOGUAN,TUIDONGHUOSAI,ZAIJIANGKONGQIJINGZUOCEGUIJIAOGUAN,JINGZUOCEKONG,DAORUFENLIUHEZHONGDEKOUZIXINGDEMUKUANG,ZAICONGZHONGJIANKONGZHONGPAICHU;KOUZIXINGDEMUKUANGZAIYOUFANGSHI,GUOCHENGJIXIANGFAN。

江南娱乐APP CIHEZHONGYAOQIAHAORONGNAYIGEKOUZIXINGDEMUKUANGZAIQIZHONGHUADONG,CIKOUZIXINGMUKUANGYULINGYIGEZHIJING4mmDELIANGANLIANJIE,CIZHIJING4 mmDELIANGANCONGHEZIQIANFANGMUBANDEZHIJING4.5 mmDEXIAOKONGCHUANCHU,CHUANCHUZHIHOUYEYOULINGYIGENSHANGFANGZUANYOUZHIJING4.5 mmXIAOKONGDEZHILIZHIJIARONGNAQILINGYIDUAN。CIKOUZIXINGDEMUKUANGJIWEIFENLIUQIFA,KOUZIXINGDEMUKUANGZAIZUOFANGSHI,JIKEYINDAOQILIU,CONGSANGEZHIJING13 mmDEKONGZHIYOUCEKONG,JINGYOUCEGUIJIAOGUAN,TUIDONGHUOSAI,ZAIJIANGKONGQIJINGZUOCEGUIJIAOGUAN,JINGZUOCEKONG,DAORUFENLIUHEZHONGDEKOUZIXINGDEMUKUANG,ZAICONGZHONGJIANKONGZHONGPAICHU;KOUZIXINGDEMUKUANGZAIYOUFANGSHI,GUOCHENGJIXIANGFAN。ZUIHOUCIMUHESHANGFANGYONGYAKELIBIFENG,SHIRENNENGKANDAOKOUZIXINGMUKUANGZUODONGDEQINGXING。

江南娱乐APP BING、YINCHAZHUANGLIANGAN:

JINJIEZHE,XUZHIZUOLIANGYINCHAZHUANGLIANGAN,WEIJIANQINGZHONGLIANGCILIANGZHIYINCHAZHUANGLIANGANSHANGKEDUOZUANXIEKONG。ZHEILIANGZHIYINCHAZHUANGLIANGAN,JIEZHERUTU9SUOSHIDEMUZHIJIANYIZHOUCHENGHEZHIJING2mmDEMUZHICHAQIAO,FENBIELIANJIEHUOSAIDELIANGANHEKOUZIXINGMUKUANGDELIANGAN。

江南娱乐APP DING、FEILUNDEBUFEN:

YONGHOUZHIJIKEZHIZUOFEILUN,FEILUNLIANGCEFENBIEYONGYIXIAOKUAIMUPIANJIANGFEILUNGUDINGZAIZHIJING4mmDEMUZHIZHUANZHOUSHANG,CIMUZHIZHUANZHOUJIELIANGGEGUNZHUZHOUCHENGANZHUANGZAIZHIJIASHANG,ZHUANZHOULIANGCENIANLAOLIANGGEQUBINGHEQUZHOU,CILIANGQUBINGHUXIANGJIA90°JIAO。JIANGLIANGCHAZHUANGLIANGANZAILIANJIECILIANGQUBINGSHANGDEQUZHOU,ZHEIJUZHENGQIJIJIDAGONGGAOCHENG。

CAOZUOSHI。ZHIYAODAKAIXICHENQI,YONGXICHENQIDEXIGUAN“XI”FENLIUHEDEXIABANBUSANGEKONGDEZHONGJIANKONG(CHUKOU),KONGQILIJIYOUFENLIUHEDELINGYICESHANGBANBUDANKONG(JINKOU)JINRUZHENGQIJITUIDONGHUOSAI,CIZHENGQIJIJIKUAISUZHUANDONGQILAI,SUOYOUHUODONGLINGJIANYUNDONGDEQINGXINGJUNKEJIAN。

相较于普通物理学中其他分支,热学的实验较少,这具蒸汽机除了散发出怀旧的古老味之外,也有助于在工业革命的反思中,演示热学的核心主题。要放大这具蒸汽机的尺寸、增加它的透明度均非难事,把玩制作之间乐趣无穷。
 

联系方式

电话:0514-82385108

CHUANZHEN:0514-87191906

江南娱乐APP SHOUJI:13390618008

DIZHI:JIANGSUSHENGNANJINGSHIYUHUAQUZHANGHONGLU222HAO